Quality control activities started in Japan after the end of World War II on their introduction from America by Dr .W E Deming. Dr J M Juran and others. Dr. Kaoru Ishikawa, Emeritus Professor of The University of Tokyo, first began surveying and studying quality control when he joined a research group set up by the Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers (USE) in 1949.
This research was conducted in with the aim of converting quality control, which had originated in America, into a form better suited to the Japanese culture. Believing that quality control activities should not be the exclusive province of a particular group of specialists, Dr. Ishikawa proposed a new system of company wide quality control in which everyone in the company plays a part, from top management right down to ordinary workers. His vigorous leadership in the principles and practice of this system stimulated revolutionary changes in conventional business management concepts and organizations. The quality of Japanese industrial products has increased by leaps and bounds since the end of World War Il up to the present day, and it is universally recognized that the quality control activities which Dr. Ishikawa was instrumental in establishing have made a major contribution to this As part of the process of bringing about company wide quality control, Dr. Ishikawa advocated the formation of QC circles for educating and informing front-line workers about quality control. To put these on an organized footing, he arranged for a qc Circle Headquarters to be set up within JUSE in 1962. QC circles are small groups of people from the same workplace meeting voluntarily to carry out quality control activities on their own initiative Through Dr. Ishikawa’ s devoted efforts these activities flourished tremendously QC Circle chapters sprung up in every corner of not only Japan, but through out the world