Durward K. Sobek II is an associate professor of industrial and management engineering at Montana State University. He is a recognized expert in product development systems, and has been researching and observing Toyota for Many years. He has recently researched application of the A3 methodology to health care and product development, and has authored numerous articles, given presentations, and conducted workshops on this award-winning work.
Art smalley is president of Art of Lean, a consulting company specializing in advanced TPS implementation. Art was hired and trained as a manufacturing engineer with Toyota in Japan to support the startup of Toyota facilities overseas. During his tenure with the company, he was immersed in the culture of Toyota and A3 report-writing methods by is Toyota mentors. Art authored the Shingo Research Prize award-winning workbook Creating Level Pull in conjunction with the Lean Enterprise Institute in 2003. More recently, in the spring of 2006, Art was inducted into the Shingo Manufacturing Prize Academy for lifetime contributions in the field of lean manufacturing.